Urban VIII


Urban VIII
(Maffeo Barberini; r. 1623-1644)
   Born in Florence in 1568 to a well-to-do family of merchants, Maffeo Barberini received a Jesuit education, his ecclesiastic career promoted by his uncle, an apostolic protonotary. He graduated with a degree in law from the University of Pisa in 1589. Pope Paul V gave Maffeo the cardinalate in 1606 after serving as legate in France and, in 1623, he ascended the papal throne as Urban VIII. Among the most nepotistic of popes, he immediately granted favors to his family members. He elevated his brother Antonio and nephews Francesco and Antonio to the cardinalate, and his nephew Taddeo he appointed prefect of Rome and prince of Palestrina. Later, he also appointed Francesco vice-chancellor and the younger Antonio commander of the papal army. In 1626, Urban added the Duchy of Urbino to the Papal States by forcing the aging Duke Francesco Maria della Rovere to cede the territory to the papacy. In 1641, he seized the territory of Castro when Duke Odoardo Farnese defaulted on his interest payments. Castro was returned to the Farnese in 1644 after a peace agreement was reached between them and Urban. Urban did much to embellish the city of Rome. Already as cardinal he had patronized artists such as Pietro Bernini, Francesco Mochi, and Ludovico Carracci. As pope, he appointed Gian Lorenzo Bernini as his official artist and promoted the painters Nicolas Poussin, Pietro da Cortona, and Andrea Sacchi.
   See also Barberini family.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Urban VIII. — Urban VIII. Papstwappen Urbans VIII. Urban VIII. (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Urban VIII —     Pope Urban VIII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Urban VIII     Maffeo Barberini, born at Florence in April, 1568; elected pope, 6 August, 1623; died at Rome, 29 July, 1644.     His father Antonio Barberini, a Florentine nobleman, who died… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Urban VIII — (Maffeo Barberini) 1568 1644, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1623 44. * * * ▪ pope original name  Maffeo Barberini  baptized April 5, 1568, Florence died July 29, 1644, Rome  pope from 1623 to 1644.       The son of an aristocratic Florentine family …   Universalium

  • Urban VIII — (1568–1644)    Pope.    Urban was born Maffeo Barberini in Florence, Italy, and he was educated there and in Pisa. He was created a Cardinal in 1606, consecrated Bishop of Spoleto in 1608, Legate of Bologna in 1617 and he was elected Pope in 1623 …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Urban VIII — noun Italian pope from 1623 to 1644 who sanctioned the condemnation of Galileo but later freed him (1568 1644) • Syn: ↑Maffeo Barberini • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman Catholic Pope, ↑pontiff, ↑Holy Father, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Urban VIII, Pope — • Maffeo Barberini (1568 1644) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Urban VIII — Urban VIII Papacy began 6 August 1623 Papacy ended 29 July 1644 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Urban VIII —     Pope Urban VIII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Urban VIII     Maffeo Barberini, born at Florence in April, 1568; elected pope, 6 August, 1623; died at Rome, 29 July, 1644.     His father Antonio Barberini, a Florentine nobleman, who died… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Liste der Kardinalskreierungen Urban VIII. — Papst Urban VIII. kreierte im Verlauf seines Pontifikates folgende Kardinäle: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 2. Oktober 1623 2 7. Oktober 1624 3 19. Januar 1626 4 30. August 1627 5 19. November 1629 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Glorification of the reign of Urban VIII, Palazzo Barberini, Rome — (1633 1639)    Commissioned by the Barberini from Pietro da Cortona, the Glorification of the Reign of Urban VIII shows Divine Providence commanding Immortality to crown the Barberini escutcheon, composed of bees contained in a laurel wreath held …   Dictionary of Renaissance art


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.